Evergreen trees are trees that retain their leaves or needles throughout the year. The list of evergreen trees comprises of names of such evergreen trees found in USA and Canada which maintains their green foliage even during the winter season. Unlike deciduous trees, which shed their leaves in autumn, evergreens provide a continuous display of greenery.
There are various types of evergreen trees, including both coniferous and broad-leaved species. Coniferous evergreens typically have needle-like or scale-like leaves and bear cones, while broad-leaved evergreens have wider, flat leaves.
List of Evergreen Trees in USA & Canada
Here is a list of some common evergreen trees found in the USA and Canada:-
- Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)
- Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta)
- Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa)
- Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
- Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)
- Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens)
- Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)
- Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)
- Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
- Eastern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
- White Spruce (Picea glauca)
- Red Spruce (Picea rubens)
- Black Spruce (Picea mariana)
- Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmannii)
- Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
- Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
- Norway Spruce (Picea abies)
- Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
- Subalpine Fir (Abies lasiocarpa)
- Grand Fir (Abies grandis)
- Tamarack/Larch (Larix laricina)
- Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) – Found on the west coast of the USA
- Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) – Found in California
- Alaska Cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis)
- Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)
- Coast Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii)
- Noble Fir (Abies procera)
- Mountain Hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana)
List of Commonly Recognized Evergreen Trees
- Pine Trees (Pinus spp.): Pine trees are common coniferous evergreens known for their long, slender needles and woody cones. There are various species of pine trees such as White Pine, Scots Pine, Sugar Pine, Red Pine, Ponderosa Pine, Lodgepole Pine and Eastern White Pine.
- Spruce Trees (Picea spp.): Spruces are coniferous evergreens characterized by short, stiff needles and distinctive cone shapes. Examples include Norway Spruce, Blue Spruce, Colorado Spruce, and Serbian Spruce.
- Fir Trees (Abies spp.): Fir trees are another type of coniferous evergreen with flat needles that are often soft to the touch. Popular fir tree species include White Fir, Balsam Fir, Douglas Fir, Noble Fir, Grand Fir and Fraser Fir.
- Cedar Trees (Cedrus spp.): Cedars are evergreens known for their fragrant wood and scale-like foliage. Some well-known cedar species are Eastern Red Cedar, Western Red Cedar, Atlas Cedar, Deodar Cedar, Atlantic White Cedar, and Lebanon Cedar.
- Cypress Trees (Cupressus spp.): Cypress trees include species like Leyland Cypress, Arizona Cypress, Bald Cypress, Nootka Cypress, Monterey Cypress and Mediterranean Cypress.
- Juniper Trees (Juniperus spp.): Common juniper species are Eastern Red Cedar, Rocky Mountain Juniper, and Chinese Juniper.
- Arborvitae Trees (Thuja spp.): Arborvitae varieties include American Arborvitae, Western Red Cedar, and Giant Arborvitae.
- Yew Trees (Taxus spp.): Yew trees consist of species like European Yew, Canadian Yew, Japanese Yew and Pacific Yew.
- Hemlock Trees (Tsuga spp.): Hemlock species include Eastern Hemlock, Western Hemlock, and Mountain Hemlock.
- Holly Trees (Ilex spp.): Holly trees are broad-leaved evergreens with glossy, spiky leaves and often produce bright red berries. They are commonly used for ornamental purposes, especially during the holiday season. Holly trees include species like American Holly, European Holly, and Japanese Holly.
- Redwood Trees: Redwood trees are some of the tallest and most impressive trees in the world. They belong to the genus Sequoia and are known for their remarkable size, longevity, and beauty. There are two main species of redwood trees: the coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and the giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum).
- Laurel Trees: Laurel trees, such as the Cherry Laurel and Bay Laurel, are broad-leaved evergreens known for their aromatic leaves. They are often cultivated for their culinary uses and attractive foliage.