Benzodiazepines List with Uses, Side Effects

Benzodiazepines list with common trade names of drugs having sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant property, check uses & side effects

Benzodiazepines List

Benzodiazepines list comprises of class of psychoactive drugs that have sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), muscle relaxant, and anticonvulsant properties. They are commonly prescribed for the treatment of anxiety disorders, insomnia, seizures, muscle spasms, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Pharmacokinetic properties of various benzodiazepines with uses is shown in this article along with names of atypical benzodiazepine receptor ligands.

Some examples of benzodiazepines include diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), and temazepam (Restoril), among others. These medications work by enhancing the effects of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, which helps to calm down excessive brain activity and reduce anxiety.

These prescribed drugs must only be taken after consultation from the concerned doctor as these drugs may cause some side effects.

Benzodiazepines List with Uses

Drug Name (Year Approved) Common Trade Names Primary Therapeutic Use
Adinazolam (Research chemical) Deracyn anxiolytic, antidepressant
Alprazolam (1981) Xanax, Helex, Xanor, Trankimazin, Onax, Alprox, Misar, Restyl, Solanax, Tafil, Neurol, Frontin, Kalma, Ksalol, Farmapram anxiolytic, antidepressant
Bentazepam Thiadipona anxiolytic
Bretazenil anxiolytic, anticonvulsant
Bromazepam (1981) Lexotanil, Lexotan, Lexilium, Lectopam, Lexaurin, Lexatin, Bromam anxiolytic, hypnotic, muscle relaxant
Bromazolam (Research chemical) anxiolytic
Brotizolam Lendormin, Dormex, Sintonal, Noctilan hypnotic
Camazepam Albego, Limpidon anxiolytic
Chlordiazepoxide (1960) Librium, Risolid, Elenium anxiolytic
Cinazepam Levana hypnotic, anxiolytic
Cinolazepam Gerodorm hypnotic
Clobazam (2011) Onfi, Frisium, Urbanol anxiolytic, anticonvulsant
Clonazepam (1975) Rivatril, Rivotril, Klonopin, Iktorivil, Paxam anticonvulsant, anxiolytic
Clonazolam (Research chemical) hypnotic, anticonvulsant
Clorazepate (1972) Tranxene, Tranxilium anxiolytic, anticonvulsant
Clotiazepam Veratran, Clozan, Rize anxiolytic
Cloxazolam Cloxam, Sepazon, Olcadil anxiolytic, anticonvulsant
Delorazepam Dadumir anxiolytic, amnesic
Deschloroetizolam (Research chemical) anxiolytic
Diazepam (1963) Antenex, Apaurin, Apzepam, Apozepam, Diazepan, Hexalid, Normabel, Pax, Stesolid, Stedon, Tranquirit, Valium, Vival, Valaxona anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, amnesic
Diclazepam (Research chemical) anxiolytic, muscle relaxant
Estazolam (1990) ProSom, Nuctalon hypnotic, anxiolytic
Ethyl carfluzepate (Not Approved) hypnotic
Etizolam (Often sold as a research chemical, but is approved for human use in many countries. Controlled substance in some US states, Canada, Germany, Austria, and others) Etilaam, Etizest, Pasaden, Depas anxiolytic, muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant
Ethyl loflazepate Victan, Meilax, Ronlax anxiolytic
Flualprazolam (Research chemical) anxiolytic, hypnotic
Flubromazepam (Research chemical) Templex anxiolytic, hypnotic, amnesic, muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant
Flubromazolam (Research chemical) Remnon hypnotic
Fluclotizolam (Research chemical) anxiolytic
Flunitrazepam (1972) Rohypnol, Hipnosedon, Vulbegal, Fluscand, Flunipam, Ronal, Rohydorm, Hypnodorm hypnotic
Flunitrazolam (Research chemical) hypnotic
Flurazepam (1970) Dalmadorm, Dalmane, Fluzepam hypnotic
Flutazolam Coreminal hypnotic
Flutemazepam (Research chemical) hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant
Flutoprazepam (1984) Restas hypnotic, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant
Halazepam (1981) Alapryl, Paxipam anxiolytic
Ketazolam (1980) Anxon, Sedotime anxiolytic
Loprazolam (1983) Dormonoct, Havlane hypnotic
Lorazepam (1971) Ativan, Orfidal, Lorenin, Lorsilan, Temesta, Tavor, Lorabenz anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, muscle relaxant
Lormetazepam (1984) Loramet, Noctamid, Pronoctan hypnotic, anxiolytic
Meclonazepam (Research chemical) anxiolytic
Medazepam Nobrium, Ansilan, Mezapam, Rudotel, Raporan anxiolytic
Metizolam (Research chemical) anxiolytic
Mexazolam Melex, Sedoxil anxiolytic
Midazolam (1985) Dormicum, Flormidal, Versed, Hypnovel, Dormonid hypnotic, anticonvulsant
Nifoxipam (Research chemical) hypnotic
Nimetazepam (1984) Erimin, Lavol hypnotic
Nitemazepam (Research chemical) hypnotic, anticonvulsant
Nitrazepam (1965) Mogadon, Alodorm, Pacisyn, Dumolid, Nitrazadon hypnotic, anticonvulsant
Nitrazolam (Research chemical) hypnotic
Nordazepam (Research chemical) Madar, Stilny anxiolytic
Norflurazepam (Research chemical) hypnotic
Oxazepam (1965) Seresta, Serax, Serenid, Serepax, Sobril, Oxabenz, Oxapax, Oxascand, Ox-Pam, Opamox, Alepam, Medopam, Murelax, Noripam, Purata anxiolytic
Phenazepam (Research Chemical) Phenazepam, Phenzitat anxiolytic, anticonvulsant
Pinazepam Domar, Duna anxiolytic
Prazepam (1976) Demetrin, Lysanxia, Prazene, Centrax anxiolytic
Premazepam (Not Approved) anxiolytic
Pyrazolam (Research Chemical) anxiolytic, amnesic
Quazepam (1985) Doral, Quiedorm hypnotic
Rilmazafone Rhythmy hypnotic
Temazepam (1981) Restoril, Normison, Euhypnos, Temaze, Tenox hypnotic, anxiolytic, muscle relaxant
Tetrazepam Myolastan, Clinoxam, Epsipam, Musaril muscle relaxant, anxiolytic
Triazolam (1980) Halcion, Rilamir, Notison, Somese hypnotic

Atypical Benzodiazepine Receptor Ligands

Drug Name (Year Approved) Common Trade Names Primary Therapeutic Use
DMCM anxiogenic, convulsant
Flumazenil Anexate, Lanexat, Mazicon, Romazicon antidote
Eszopiclone (2004) Lunesta hypnotic
Zaleplon (1999) Sonata, Starnoc hypnotic
Zolpidem (1992) Ambien, Nytamel, Sanval, Stilnoct, Stilnox, Sublinox (Canada), Xolnox, Zoldem, Zolnod hypnotic
Zopiclone Imovane, Rhovane, Ximovan; Zileze; Zimoclone; Zimovane; Zopitan; Zorclone, Zopiklone hypnotic

You can also check list of benzodiazepines in order of strength.

Benzodiazepines Side Effects

Benzodiazepines are typically prescribed for short-term use due to their potential for dependence and abuse. Prolonged or excessive use can lead to tolerance, physical dependence, and withdrawal symptoms when discontinuing the medication. Abruptly stopping benzodiazepines after long-term use can result in withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, irritability, and seizures. Therefore, it is important to gradually taper off the medication under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

When used appropriately and under medical supervision, benzodiazepines can be effective in managing certain conditions. However, it’s important to note that they should be used with caution, and the potential risks and benefits should be carefully considered for each individual. It is always best to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance regarding the use of benzodiazepines.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *